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Chemistry – How to Write Chemical Names

Learning how to write chemical names can be a daunting task if you don’t have a system to help you put things in order. The first thing you don’t want to do is forget a bunch of things. Memorization should be kept to a minimum. Instead you want to learn a system that will explain what to do step by step and be used by everyone.

By the end of this article, you will know how to write chemical names using a non-memorization system. But after you learn the system, it’s up to you to practice to improve your skill. Remember to develop a skill, you have to practice. Now, let’s look at strategies for naming components.

Strategy #1 Know the Periodic Table

You need to know the periodic table and how it is structured. All chemical names are based on element names, so know them and have a periodic table handy.

Strategy #2 Identify Polyatomic Ions

Many chemicals from a polyatomic ion and a iron or nonmetal or two polyatomic ions. Therefore, it is helpful to have a list of the most common polyatomic ions.

Strategy #3 Know How to Identify Ions for Elements

It is very useful to know your major elements and their ions or oxidation numbers. Especially for ionic compounds because their charge must be balanced to zero.

Strategy #4 Know the Precipitating Metals

Many metals, especially the transition metals, have more than one possible charge, so you will need a list of these metals and their names for reference.

Strategy #5 Most Chemical Names are Binary

Remember that most chemical names are binary, which means they exist two parts. These two parts may consist of a cation and an anion; cation or anion with a polyatomic ion; or two polyatomic ions.

Strategy #6 Know the Root for Common Non-Metallic Elements

Many chemical names will use the non-metal root and add the suffix “-ide”. Therefore, it is very useful to identify the roots of non-metals.

Strategy #7 The Most Metallic Material Goes First

When writing the chemical name most metallic core goes first and the lowest metallicity goes second. Remember that the elements on the left of the semi-metals are metals and the elements on the right are non-metals.

Let’s try one. Enter the name BaCl2.

First, find Ba on the periodic table, it is barium. Now look at Cl, that’s chlorine. Hence, the name barium chloride. Because the substance is ionic, no numerical prefix is ​​needed.

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