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Size of Your Belly During Pregnancy

Sometimes for pregnant women, it seems that their belly is growing before their eyes, or on the contrary, it is almost invisible. Let’s read the comments of experts on this question.

– Belly size during pregnancy depends on what factors?

– Abdominal height, that is, the height of the abdomen is normal according to the period of pregnancy. For example, in the 32nd week of pregnancy it should be 32-33 cm. And the size of the stomach depends on the personal characteristics of the woman. Sometimes the anatomical structure affects it: miniature women with a thin pelvis have a bigger belly than tall women with full thighs. But the maximum growth of the stomach depends on the overall weight of the pregnant woman. This is the factor that women should always pay attention to.

– What weight gain is considered normal?

– Every woman has her own norms. It depends on the body mass index, which can be calculated according to a special formula. Divide the weight in kg by the height in square meters. The normal index is from 19.8 to 25.9. If you are expecting twins, add at least 2.3-4.6 kg to this number.

Most women gain 40% in the first half of pregnancy and 60% in the second half of pregnancy. If a woman had a normal weight before pregnancy, then in the first period she can gain 1.5-2 kg, in the second – 0.5 kg per week, and in the entire 9th month – from 0.5- Not more than 1. kg. The weight should be increased evenly and slowly. The normal development of the baby depends on this.

– What are the risks of overweight?

– If a woman gains too much weight, both she and the fetus may suffer. Excessive weight gain – one of the symptoms of late toxicosis, the poor condition of a pregnant woman. Late toxicosis may lead to increased risk of pregnancy. In these conditions, a woman starts having pains in the waist and lower abdomen. In very serious cases, premature delivery or early removal of the placenta may occur.

In addition, excess weight makes the muscles hard. It also causes edema on the legs, front abdominal wall, hands. The muscles of the back and legs start to hurt, the blood circulation in the veins of the legs is disrupted, the varicose disease becomes more serious. A pregnant woman is often tired and strong, angry. For the fetus, late toxicosis can lead to chronic anoxemia and even death before birth. Obese women are more at risk of such complications.

– What can cause rapid weight gain during pregnancy?

– Sometimes people who like good food gain weight quickly. However, moderation in food still does not guarantee normal weight. Too much fluid can accumulate in some women’s bodies – for example, when the kidneys are not working well enough. Therefore, if a pregnant woman is gaining weight too quickly, she should control the amount of fluid she drinks day and night. A healthy woman hydrates more than she drinks. And the accumulation of fluid in the body causes excess weight. Then not only the external organs, but also the internal ones are swollen. Placental edema is particularly dangerous: it disrupts the normal development of the fetus.

– How can a pregnant woman get rid of edema?

– During the visit to the maternity center, he should pay close attention to the recommendations regarding the diet, which the doctor will give him. As a rule, doctors advise all pregnant women to limit the consumption of salt, piquant, fried and fatty. The point is that these products contribute to the accumulation of fluid in the body and cause edema. Fasting days are recommended every 10 days. Of course, this does not mean that a pregnant woman should go without food. Starvation is categorically against a future mother. During fasting days, a pregnant woman should limit herself to certain products, for example, apples, cottage cheese, kefir, meat in specified quantities. In addition, it should follow confinement in bed – this improves the removal of fluid from the organism. Diuretic herbs also help a lot. However, he should not suddenly limit the amount of drunk liquid. You should drink less than 1.2-1.5 liters day and night.

– It turns out that it is very easy to fight with edema?

– Unfortunately, not always. Weight gain is in many ways related to kidney function. Thus, for example, if a woman has chronic urolithiasis, chronic pyelonephritis, weight is gained quickly. Sometimes pyelonephritis appears already during pregnancy. Because the hormonal background changes during this period. The organ begins to produce an increased hormone, which contributes to the expansion of the urinary tract. And various infections enter the kidneys through these open doors. Therefore, all pregnant women should pass the bacteriological test of vaginal discharge, check the urine analysis regularly.

– If a pregnant woman has a very large fetus and this determines her excess weight?

– Something like this happens sometimes. But this may be a sign of another problem. Women with diabetes often have large fetuses. If a woman herself has given birth to an adult, then it is necessary to control the sugar content in the blood and urine, because diabetes can also develop in secret form. Sometimes diabetes appears already during pregnancy. Again due to the change in the hormonal background. Such pregnant women are in a dangerous group – even if the high sugar content is shown in only one of the few tests. By the way, excess weight during pregnancy often forces doctors to use a Cesarean section.

– Under what circumstances is sudden weight gain especially undesirable?

– Especially in the middle of pregnancy, from the 20th week, excess weight is dangerous. And the sooner such complications occur, the more difficult it will be for a woman to be imprisoned.

Therefore, we recommend women to take care of their weight, blood pressure of both hands and urine test. If a woman has late toxicosis, her blood pressure usually increases and albumin appears in the urine. If all 3 symptoms – edema, high blood pressure and albumin are found in the urine – a woman is urgently hospitalized.

– My question may surprise you. Is it possible to “adjust” the size of the fetus in a big way?

– I think, yes. For this, a balanced diet, including products rich in animal and vegetable proteins, vitamins, minerals, is necessary. A woman should definitely make preparations for vitamins. Of course, these are copy-book facts, but a woman does not always find these methods, for one reason or another.

– Apparently, the size of the stomach depends on the amount of amniotic fluid? Does what women drink affect them?

– I don’t. There are many other reasons for increased amniotic fluid: diabetes, fetal development anomalies, Rhesus conflict, infectious complications. If a woman has low amniotic fluid, this often means she will deliver a full-term baby.

– Is a very small stomach better than a very big one?

– No, I don’t say. Being overweight often leads to impaired fetal development, giving birth to a very small baby, premature birth and sometimes death of a newborn. Pregnant women should strive for the “golden mean”.

By the way, American scientists noticed that women with an optimistic outlook on life rarely give birth to babies of small weight. Experts say that optimistic women take better care of their health: exercise regularly and eat well.

– Is there a direct connection between the emotional state of a pregnant woman and excess weight?

– Probably, there is. You know, when under stress, some women start eating every food they can find and empty the fridge. Here goes the extra weight. And, on the contrary, other women just cannot eat in stressful situations. That is why it is so important for close people and the future mother to maintain a calm, peaceful emotional state.

Estimated distribution of weight gained during pregnancy

Child 3.5 kg

Placenta 0.675 kg

Amniotic fluid 0.8 kg

Uterus increase 0.9 kg

Breasts 0.45 kg

The mother’s blood volume is 1.5 kg

The internal structure of the mother is 1.4 kg

Fatty cellulose of the mother 3.25 kg

TOTAL GAIN 11.9 kg

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